Advances in Characterization and Certification of Additively Manufactured Alloys and Their Feed Materials
The chemical characteristics of the feed materials and the metal alloys are typically evaluated using analytical techniques such as Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry (ICPOES, ICPMS), Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry (GD-MS), Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), XRF, Instrumental Gas Analysis (IGA) and Residual Gas Analysis (RGA). Comparative analytical techniques require calibration and verification with certified reference materials. While certified reference materials exist for many cast alloy grades, there currently are limited reference materials for additively manufactured powders, or for the alloys produced by this process.
We present new, certified reference materials of additively manufactured powders for three commonly printed alloy grades; Ti-6Al-4V, 316L type stainless steel, and Inconel 718, and include our findings from chemical characterization studies. These alloy types have widespread applications in aerospace, and in medical device industry. In addition, we present advances in reference materials for the alloys printed from these powders to alloy quality control at the pre-printing and posting printing stage to monitor any variation induced by the printing process. The Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) have been produced using an ISO 17034 accredited process, and chemical analysis has been conducted in an ISO/IEC 17025:2017, ISO 9001:2015, and Nadcap accredited, materials characterization laboratory.